Plastic forming of steel by rolling at elevated temperatures (rolling) is important in industry because most of steel is at some stage processed by means of this technique. Rolling incorporates large-scale man-made systems that modify the quality of immense volumes of steel and consume significant amount of resources. In particular, this industry triggers critical issues related to global environmental sustainability (pollution and energy emissions). The algorithms for roll pass design are still treated as confidential property and there are no satisfactory instructions published on the Internet. This source attempts to remedy such a state of the art. Presented knowledge is based on practical experience and extensive bibliography.




I.   Rolling Concepts

i.   Metallurgy of rolling

ii.  Mechanics of rolling

iii. Plastic deformation

iv. Rolled assortment

v.  Deformation zone – basic concepts


II.  Roll Pass Design Basics

i.   Rolling schedule

ii.  Roll design

iii. Elements of roll pass calculations

iv. Rolling torque and roll separating force


III. Mill Layouts

i.   Classification of rolling mills

ii.  Rolling mill stand

iii. Auxiliary equipment


IV. Rolling Cuboids

i.  Classification

ii. Blooms, billets and slabs

ii. Flat products


V. Rolling Circular Cylinders

i.   Classification

ii.  Round bars and rods

iii. Wire


VI. Products for Construction Industry

i.   Classification

ii.  Angular products

iii. Beams and channels


VII. Other Products

i.   Classification

ii.  Rails

iii. Other geometries

iv. Special products


VIII. Roll Maintenance

i.  Roll classification

ii. Roll wear

iii. Roll re-dressing


VIII. Process Management

i.   Operations

ii.  Quality control

iii. Mill maintenance


For detailed coverage please contact Dr Sead Spuzic at


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